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Home Self Help Other Appeals
Other Appeals
These standard instructions are for informational purposes only and do not constitute legal advice about your case. If you choose to represent yourself, you are bound by the same rules and procedures as an attorney.

  • How do I appeal a case in a municipal or city court?
    • 1. What is a municipal appeal?
      • A municipal appeal is a request for a higher court (county court or district court) to review a city court's decision or order.

    • 2. Where can I find more information about municipal court appeals?
    • 3. Where do I start my appeal of my municipal court case?
      •                   Municipal Court of Record Municipal Court Not of Record
        What is this?
        1. Keeps a record of hearings, audio recording or transcriber
        2. Judge has law degree
        1. No record of hearings   
        2.     
        3. Judge may not have a law degree
        Where do I start my appeal? In the district court where the municipal court is found.                                 In the county court where the muncipal court is found

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        * Use the courthouse finder to find your court location.

    • 4. When do I need to give my municipal court appeal paperwork to the court?
      •                   Municipal Court of Record Municipal Court Not of Record
        When do I file my appeal? 35 days after municipal court issues order    14 days after muncipal court issues an order

         

         

    • 5. How do I complete my municipal court appeal paperwork?
      • Required Paperwork:

        *Dowload and fill out the following form:

        JDF 222 Notice of Appeal and Designation of Record - Criminal

         

        TIPS for completing JDF 222 Notice of Appeal and Designation of Record - Criminal:

        * Each person in the appeal of the case should be listed on the forms in the same role that they had in the original case. For example, if you were the Defendant in the original case you are also the Defendant on the Notice of Appeal and Designation of Record - Criminal form.

        * Follow the prompts on the form to fill in the blanks on the Notice form. Use your original case number for now.

        * If you are appealing the case you are the Appellant and will be signing the forms as the Appellant.

        * The Notice form tells the court and the city that you are filing an appeal. Make sure you fill in the Certificate of Mailing on the Notice, telling the court when you will mail a copy of the Notice to the City Attorney.

        * The Designation of Record section on the form tells the clerk which paperwork and records from your original city case should go to the judge looking at your appeal.

        * Make 2 copies of this form, one for the city court and one for the county or district court. Each copy should have your original signature. Make a copy of the form for the City Attorney to send to them by mail.

         

    • 6. How do I give my municipal court appeal paperwork to the court?
      • (1) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your paperwork.

        * Your appeal case belongs in the county where the municipal or city court case is located.

        * If the municipal court is a qualified court of record, meaning the court keeps a record of its hearings using an audio recorder or live transcriber and the judge is a licensed attorney, the appeal paperwork is given to the district court.

        * If the municipal court is not a court of record the appeal paperwork is given to the county court in the county where the city is located.

        The courthouse finder will help you find the correct county or district court.

         

        (2) Give the county or district Court the completed form.

        JDF 222 Notice of Appeal and Designation of Record - Criminal

         

        (3) Pay the filing fee, including the appeal bond.

        * Note: If the municipal court is not a court of record and you did not receive a jury trial in the municipal court, you may request a new jury trial.  Make the request and pay the jury trial fee when you give your paperwork to the court.

        * Pay the filing fee. If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee.For more information check out the File Without Payment page.

        * Pay the appeal bond with cash or certified funds. The appeal bond is usually set by the municipal judge that heard your original case.

         

        (4) Mail a copy of the Notice of Appeal and Desgnation of Record-Criminal to the City Attorney and the Clerk of the municipal court.

    • 7. What other paperwork do I need for my municipal court appeal?
      • * Note: If you are appealing a case from a municipal court that is not a court of record you do not need to file other paperwork.

         

        BRIEFS

        * Once the district court receives the record from the municipal court you will have 21 days to give a written Opening Brief to the court. The Brief tells the higher court exactly what you want reviewed in your appeal and the legal mistakes you believe the judge in the lower court made, including any arguments and law that support what you are saying.

         

        (1) Write an Opening Brief

        TIPS on Writing an Opening Brief

        * You may want to visit your local library or a law library to look at examples of Opening Briefs for municipal court appeals.

        * An Opening Brief form is not available.  You may want to look at JDF 76 General Motion to make sure that you have a caption, are using the correct font type, and are using the correct font size on the Opening Brief that you create.  C.R.C.P. 10 (Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure) includes the format requirements for briefs.

         

        (2) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your Opening Brief.

        Your appeal case is in the district court in the county where the municipal case was started. The courthouse finder will help you find the correct court.

         

        (3) Give the Court the completed Opening Brief.

         

        (4) Mail a copy of the Opening Brief to the City Attorney.

        * Complete JDF 1313 Certificate of Service, telling the court how you provided a copy of the Opening Brief to the City Attorney.

        * Give the completed JDF 1313 Certificate of Service to the court.

         

        What is a Reply Brief?

        * The City Attorney may give an Answer Brief to the court.  You should receive a copy of the Brief.  The City Attorney will respond to what you said in your Brief and bring up any other issues that they think are important.

        * The City Attorney must give a copy of their Answer Brief to the court within 21 days after you give them a copy of your written Opening Brief.

        * You may respond to the City Attorney's Answer Brief with a Reply Brief. You will have 14 days from the time you receive the city attorney's answer brief to file your reply brief.

        * Respond to any new points that the City Attorney made in their Answer Brief.  Include any arguments and law that support what you are saying.

         

        (1) Write a Reply Brief

        TIPS on Writing a Reply Brief

        * You may want to visit your local library or a law library to look at examples of Opening Briefs for municipal court appeals.

        * A Brief form is not available.  You may want to look at JDF 76 General Motion to make sure that you have a caption, are using the correct font type, and are using the correct font size on the Brief that you create.

         

        (2) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your Brief.

        * Your case is in the district court where the muncipal case was located. The courthouse finder will help you find the correct court.

         

        (3) Give the court the completed Brief.

         

        (4) Mail a copy of the Brief to the City Attorney.

        * Complete JDF 1313 Certificate of Service, telling the court how you provided a copy of the Brief to the City Attorney.

        * Give the completed JDF 1313 Certificate of Service to the court.

    • 8. What happens after I give all of my appeal paperwork to the court?
      • Municipal Appeals where the Municipal Court is not a Court of Record

        * Note: If you are appealing a case from a municipal court that is not a court of record there will be a new trial in county court.  Plan to attend the hearing to give evidence and exhibits that that support your case. 

        * Be on time or early for your court hearing.

        * Have all of your information, completed paperwork, exhibits and any other evidence with you. Evidence can include information about your case, such as copies of bills you have paid, etc. Organize and label each piece of evidence as exhibits that you can share with the judge and the other person in the case.

        * Label your exhibits with numbers, starting with 1.

        * Make copies of your exhibits for the the other person in the case and for the judge. You will have to pay for any copies that the courthouse staff makes for you.

        * Bring any witnesses with you that can talk directly about what they saw, heard, etc. that relates to your case.  For example, a witness may have seen the car accident.

        * Turn off your cell phone and respect everyone in the courtroom. Refer to the judge as "Your Honor" or "Judge."

        * The court will mail a copy of the county court judge's decision to you and the City Attorney.

         

        Municipal Appeals from a Court of Record

        * Once all of the deadlines have passed for giving paperwork to the court, such as Briefs, Answer Briefs, etc, the district court judge will look at the case file and transcript. No new hearing will be held. The district court judge will create a written ruling or order.

        * You and the City Attorney will receive a copy of the ruling or order. Unless there is further review by the Supreme Court, after final ruling or order on the appeal by the district court judge, the judgment on appeal will be given to the municipal court for action as directed by the district court judge.

        * The court will release/disburse the appeal bond based on the ruling of the district court.

  • How do I appeal a decision made by a state government agency?
    • 1. What is an appeal of a state government agency decision or action?
      • An appeal of a state government agency decision or action is called a judicial review.  In a judicial review, a judge looks at the decisions and actions of a state government agency.  The decisions and actions reviewed may be related to things like denying benefits or, if you were a state government employee, a hiring or firing decision.  Examples of state government agencies include the Department of Human Services or the Department of Revenue.

    • 2. Where can I find more information about appealing a state government agency decision or action?
    • 3. Where do I start my appeal of a state government agency decision?
      • You may begin your appeal of a state government agency decision in the district court of any county.  It may be more convenient to give the paperwork to the court in the county where you live or in the county where the state government agency is located.

        Use the courthouse finder to find your court location.

    • 4. When do I start my appeal of a state government agency decision?
      • The person appealing the state government agency decision, called the Appellant, must give the appeal paperwork to the district court within 35 calendar days after the state government agency decision or action becomes effective.

    • 5. How do I complete my state government agency decision appeal paperwork?
      • Required Paperwork:

        *Dowload and fill-out the following forms:

        JDF 610 Complaint for Judicial Review Pursuant § 24-4-106, C.R.S. and Request for Stay and Designation of Record

        JDF 601 District Court Civil (CV) Case Cover Sheet for Initial Pleading of Complaint, Counterclaim, Cross-Claim, or Third Party Complaint

         

        TIPS for completing JDF 610 Complaint for Judicial Review Pursuant § 24-4-106, C.R.S. and Request for Stay and Designation of Record:

        * Follow the prompts to fill in the blanks on the Complaint form.

        * The Complaint form tells the court and the state government agency that you are filing an appeal.

        * The Designation of Record section on the form tells the clerk which paperwork and records from the state government agency should go to the judge looking at your appeal.

        * Make a copy of this form for the state government agency and send it to them by mail.

         

        TIPS for completing JDF 601 District Court Civil (CV) Case Cover Sheet for Initial Pleading of Complaint, Counterclaim, Cross-Claim, or Third Party Complaint:

        * Follow the prompts to fill in the blanks on the Cover Sheet form.

        * The Cover Sheet form tells the court and the state government agency whether or not your appeal is governed by C.R.C.P. 16.1.

        * In section 2, please indicate if C.R.C.P. (Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure) 16.1 applies to your case.  You may want to look at this rule so that you check the appropriate box(es) on the form.  The Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure may be found in the Colorado Revised Statutes.

        * The statutes are accessable through our website, or are often found at your local library. The court rules are usually the last few books in the set of statutes.

    • 6. How do I give my state government agency decision appeal paperwork to the court?
      • (1) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your paperwork.

        * Your appeal case belongs in the district court of any county.  It may be easiest to give the paperwork to the district court in the county where you live.  Another option is to give the paperwork to the district court in the county where the state government agency is located.

        * The courthouse finder will help you find the correct county or district court.

         

        (2) Give the district Court the completed forms.

        JDF 610 Complaint for Judicial Review Pursuant § 24-4-106, C.R.S. and Request for Stay and Designation of Record

        JDF 601 District Court Civil (CV) Case Cover Sheet for Initial Pleading of Complaint, Counterclaim, Cross-Claim, or Third Party Complaint

         

        (3) Pay the filing fee.

        * Pay the filing fee If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee. For more information check out the File Without Payment page.

         

        (4) Mail a copy of the Complaint for Judicial Review Pursuant § 24-4-106, C.R.S. and Request for Stay and Designation of Record to the state government agency.

        * Complete JDF 1313 Certificate of Service, telling the court how you provided a copy of the Complaint to the state government agency.

        * Give the completed Certificate of Service to the court.

    • 7. What happens after I give all of my state government agency decision appeal paperwork to the court?
      • * Once all of the deadlines have passed for giving paperwork to the court, the district court judge will look at the paperwork, state government agency file (if requested) and transcript. No new hearing will be held. The district court judge will create a written ruling or order.

        * You and the state government agency will receive a copy of the ruling or order. Unless there is further review by the Supreme Court or Court of Appeals, after final ruling or order on the appeal by the district court judge, the judgment on appeal will be sent to the state government agency for action as directed by the district court judge.

  • How do I appeal a decision made by the Division of Motor Vehicles?
    • 1. What is an appeal of a Division of Motor Vehicles decision?
      • * An appeal of a Division of Motor Vehicles decision or action is called a judicial review. In a judicial review, a judge looks at the decisions and actions of the Division of Motor Vehicles.

        * The Division of Motor Vehicles usually makes decisions about your driver's license.  Decisions may include the revocation of your driver's license or serious limitations to your driver's license.

    • 2. Where may I find more information about appealing a decision made by the Division of Motor Vehicles?
    • 3. Where do I start my appeal of a Division of Motor Vehicles decision?
      • The appeal must be filed in the district court in the county where you live.

        Use the courthouse finder to find your court location.

    • 4. When do I start my appeal of a Division of Motor Vehicles decision?
      • The person appealing the Division of Motor Vehicles decision, called the Appellant, must give the appeal paperwork to the district court within 35 days after the Division of Motor Vehicles finally denies, cancels, suspends or revokes a license or identification card.

    • 5. How do I complete my Division of Motor Vehicles decision appeal paperwork?
      • Required Paperwork:

        * Dowload and fill out the following forms:

        JDF 599 DMV APPEAL - Complaint for Judicial Review Pursuant to Title 42, C.R.S., Request for Stay and Designation of Record

        JDF 601 District Court Civil (CV) Case Cover Sheet for Initial Pleading of Complaint, Counterclaim, Cross-Claim, or Third Party Complaint

         

        TIPS for completing JDF 599 DMV APPEAL - Complaint for Judicial Review Pursuant to Title 42, C.R.S., Request for Stay and Designation of Record:

        * Follow the prompts to fill in the blanks on the Complaint form.

        * The Complaint form tells the court and the Division of Motor Vehicles that you are filing an appeal.

        * The Designation of Record section on the form tells the clerk which paperwork and records from the Division of Motor Vehicles should go to the judge looking at your appeal.

        * Make a copy of this form for the Division of Motor Vehicles and send it to the them by mail.

         

        TIPS for completing JDF 601 District Court Civil (CV) Case Cover Sheet for Initial Pleading of Complaint, Counterclaim, Cross-Claim, or Third Party Complaint:

        * Follow the prompts to fill in the blanks on the Cover Sheet form.

        * The Cover Sheet form tells the court and the state government agency whether or not your appeal is governed by C.R.C.P. 16.1.

        * In section 2, please indicate if C.R.C.P. (Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure) 16.1 applies to your case.  You may want to look at this rule so that you check the appropriate box(es) on the form.  The Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure may be found in the Colorado Revised Statutes.

        * The statutes are accessable through our website, or are often found at your local library. The court rules are usually the last few books in the set of statutes.

    • 6. How do I give my Division of Motor Vehicles decision appeal paperwork to the court?
      • (1) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your paperwork.

        * Your appeal case belongs in the district court in the county where you live.

        * The courthouse finder will help you find the correct county or district court.

         

        (2) Give the district Court the completed forms.

        JDF 599 DMV APPEAL - Complaint for Judicial Review Pursuant to Title 42, C.R.S. and Request for Stay and Designation of Record

        JDF 601 District Court Civil (CV) Case Cover Sheet for Initial Pleading of Complaint, Counterclaim, Cross-Claim, or Third Party Complaint

         

        (3) Pay the filing fee.

        * Pay the filing fee If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee. For more information check out the File Without Payment page.

         

        (4) Mail a copy of the DMV APPEAL - Complaint for Judicial Review Pursuant to Title 42, C.R.S. and Request for Stay and Designation of Record to the Division of Motor Vehicles.

        * Complete JDF 1313 Certificate of Service, telling the court how you provided a copy of the DMV APPEAL to the Division of Motor Vehicles.

        * Give the completed Certificate of Service to the court.

    • 7. What happens after I give all of my Division of Motor Vehicles decision appeal paperwork to the court?
      • * Once all of the deadlines have passed for giving paperwork to the court, the district court judge will look at the paperwork, Division of Motor Vehicles file (if requested) and transcript. No new hearing will be held. The district court judge will create a written ruling or order.

        * You and the Division of Motor Vehicles will receive a copy of the ruling or order. Unless there is further review by the Supreme Court or Court of Appeals, after final ruling or order on the appeal by the district court judge, the judgment on appeal will be sent to the Division of Motor Vehicles for action as directed by the district court judge.

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