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Home Self Help Paternity Cases
Home Self Help Paternity Cases
Paternity Cases
These standard instructions are for informational purposes only and do not constitute legal advice about your case. If you choose to represent yourself, you are bound by the same rules and procedures as an attorney.

  • How do I start a case to identify the father of my child?
    • 1. Identify where to file your paperwork.
      • * You can file your paperwork in the district court in the county where the child or the alleged father lives or is found, or in any county where public assistance was or is being paid on behalf of the child.  If the alleged father is dead, you can file the paperwork in any county where a probate case has or could be filed.

        * If there are no existing cases involving your child, you can file a new case to decide paternity.  Once paternity is decided, you can ask the court to decide custody and support for your child.  If you want to start a new paternity case in Denver County, file your paperwork in Denver Juvenile Court.

        * Note:  If you have already filed a child custody or child support case and you need the court to determine who the father is, file your paperwork to decide paternity in the existing custody or child support case.

         

    • 2. Fill out the forms to start your case.
      • *You will be known as the "Petitioner" and the alleged father will be known as the "Respondent".

        Download and complete the following forms:
        * JDF 1000 Case Information Sheet,
        * JDF 1501 Petition for Paternity,
        * JDF 1502 Summons in Paternity, and
        * JDF 1516 Final Order of Paternity
         

        For detailed instructions on how to fill out these forms, review JDF 1500 Instructions to Establish Paternity.

        * You will need to sign JDF1501 Petition for Paternity in front of a notary public or court clerk.  You can find a local notary public by looking in the Yellow Pages, on the Internent or by going to your local bank.

        * Fill out only the top ("caption") part of JDF1502 Summons in Paternity and JDF 1516 Final Order of Paternity and the court will fill out the rest. You do not need to sign these forms.

    • 3. File your forms with the court.
      • * Take your completed forms to the clerk at the counter in the courthouse. Give the forms to the clerk to file your case.

        * The court will ask you to pay a filing fee. If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee.

        * The clerk might ask you to complete additional forms. Please follow the clerk's instructions.

    • 4. Arrange to serve the alleged father with the paperwork.
    • 5. Determine whether the alleged father will admit that he is the father of your child.
      • * If the alleged father admits that he is the father of your child, he can file JDF 1504 Admission of Paternity with the court.

        * If the alleged father will not admit that he is the father of your child, you can ask for genetic testing to be done using either JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing or JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing to find out whether he is the father of your child.

        * If you and the alleged father agree on genetic testing, ask the court for genetic testing using JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing.  Follow the instructions below in Option A to fill out the Agreement.

         

        OPTION A - Fill out an Agreement for genetic testing:

        * Download and complete JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing. You and the alleged father will both sign this form in front of a notary public or court clerk. You do not need to do this at the same time (Eg: you can sign in front of a notary or court clerk, give the form to the alleged father and have him sign in front of a notary or court clerk at a later time). You can find a local notary public by looking in the Yellow Pages, on the Internet or by going to your local bank.

        * You and the alleged father will need to contact a testing agency to schedule a date and time for the test. Put the date and time of the test on the form.

        * You and the alleged father will be responsible for paying the fee for the test.

        * If you and the alleged father do not agree on genetic testing, ask the court for genetic testing using JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing.  Follow the instructions below in Option B to fill out the Motion.

         

        OPTION B - Fill out a Motion for genetic testing:

        * Download and complete JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing. You will sign the form, but the alleged father does not need to sign.

        * Contact a testing agency to schedule a date and time for the test.  Put the date and time of the test of the form.

        * You will be responsible for paying the fee for the test.

        * You will need to mail or hand-deliver a copy of JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing to the alleged father.  After you mail or hand-deliver a copy of the form, fill out the Certificate of Service part of the form and then file it with the court.

  • How do I answer if I receive paperwork saying that I am the father of a child?
    • 1. Read the paperwork.
      • * Decide whether or not you agree with the information in the paperwork.

    • 2. Identify where you should file your paperwork to answer.
      • * The location and contact information of the court where the paternity paperwork was filed is on the top of the paperwork you received.

        * Give your paperwork to the same court that is listed on the paperwork you received.

    • 3. If you want to admit that you are the father of the child, follow these steps.
      • You will be known as the Respondent and the mother of the child will be known as the Petitioner.

         

        STEP 1- Download and Complete your Forms.

        * Download and complete:
        * JDF 1504 Admission of Paternity
        * JDF 1313 Certificate of Service

        For detailed instructions on how to fill out these forms, review JDF 1500 Instructions to Establish Paternity.

         

        STEP 2- Sign JDF 1504 Admission of Paternity in front of a notary public or court clerk.

        * Take your completed JDF 1504 Admission of Paternity to either a notary public, or to a court clerk at the courthouse where you will file your case. You can find a local notary public by looking in the Yellow Pages, on the Internet, or by going to your local bank.

        * You will need to pay any notarization fees.

         

        STEP 3 - Mail or hand-deliver a copy of JDF 1504 Admission of Paternity to the mother of the child.

        * You will need to mail or hand-deliver a copy of JDF 1504 Admission of Paternity to the mother of the child.  After you mail or hand-deliver a copy of the form, fill out JDF 1313 Certificate of Service before you file you forms with the court.

         

        STEP 4- File JDF 1504 Admission of Paternity with the court.

        * Take your completed JDF 1504 Admission of Paternity and JDF 1313 Certificate of Service to the courthouse and give them to the clerk.

    • 4. If you do not want to admit that you are the father of the child, follow these steps
      • * Download and complete Form JDF 1315 Response.

        * You will be the Respondent and the mother of the child will be the Petitioner.

        * The case number is on the top of the paperwork you received.

        * You will need to mail or hand-deliver a copy of JDF 1315 Response to the mother of the child.  After you mail or hand-deliver the Response, complete the Certificate of Service part of the form and then file your response with the court.

        * If you do not want to admit that you are the father of the child, you can ask for genetic testing to be done using either JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing or JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing to decide whether you are the father of the child.

        * If you and the mother of the child agree on genetic testing, ask the court for genetic testing using JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing.  Follow the instructions below in Option A to fill out the Agreement.

         

        OPTION A - Fill out an Agreement for genetic testing:

        * Download and complete JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing.  You and the mother of the child will both sign this form in front of a notary public or court clerk.  You do not need to do this at the same time (Eg: you can sign in front of a notary or court clerk, give the form to the mother of the child and have her sign in front of a notary or court clerk at a later time).  You can find a local notary public by looking in the Yellow Pages, on the Internet or by going to your local bank.

        * You and the mother of the child will need to contact a testing agency to schedule a date and time for the test. Put the date and time of the test on the form.

        * You and the mother of the child will be responsible for paying the fee for the test.

        * If you and the mother of the child do not agree on genetic testing, ask the court for genetic testing using JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing.  Follow the instructions below in Option B to fill out the Motion.

         

        OPTION B - Fill out a Motion for genetic testing:

        * Download and complete JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing.  You will sign the form, but the mother of the child does not need to sign.

        * Contact a testing agency to schedule a date and time for the test.  Put the date and time of the test of the form.

        * You will be responsible for paying the fee for the test.

        * You will need to mail or hand-deliver a copy of JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing to the mother of the child.  After you mail or hand-deliver a copy of the form, fill out the Certificate of Service part of the form and then file it with the court.

  • What can I do if the person I thought was the father is not the father?
    • 1. Determine whether you meet the requirements to start a case.
      • * If the person that you thought was the father of your child is not the actual father, you can ask the court to decide that the person is not the father.

         

        *A case can be filed by:

        1.  A person who thought he was the father of a child asking the court to decide that he is not the actual father.

        2.  The mother of a child asking the court to decide that the person she thought was the father is not the actual father.

        3.  A child asking the court to decide that the person he or she though was his/her father, is not the actual father.

        4.  The State Department of Human Services or the County Department of Social Services.

         

        * You must file your case soon after you realize that the person you thought was the father is not the actual father.

        * You cannot file your case more than 5 years after the child's birth.

    • 2. Identify where to file your paperwork.
      • * You should file your paperwork in the county where the child or the person who you thought was the father lives or is found, or in any county where public assistance was or is being paid on behalf of the child.

        * If the person you thought was the father has died, the paperwork should be filed in any county where a probate case has been or could be filed.

        * Your should file you paperwork in district court unless you are filing in Denver County.

        * If you are filing your paperwork in Denver County, you will need to go to the Denver Juvenile Court.

    • 3. Fill out the forms to start your case.
      • *You will be known as the Petitioner and the other person will be known as the Respondent.

        Download and complete the following forms:
        * JDF 1000 Case Information Sheet,
        * JDF 1514 Petition to Disclaim Paternity,
        * JDF 1515 Summons to Disclaim Paternity, and
        * JDF 1516 Final Order for Paternity

        For detailed instructions on how to fill out these forms, review JDF 1513 Instructions to Disclaim Paternity.

        * You will need to sign JDF 1514 Petition to Disclaim Paternity in front of a notary public or court clerk. You can find a local notary public by looking in the Yellow Pages, on the Internent or by going to your local bank.

        * Fill out only the top ("caption") part of JDF 1515 Summons to Disclaim Paternity and JDF 1516 Final Order for Paternity and the court will fill out the rest. You DO NOT need to sign these forms.

    • 4. File your forms with the court.
      • * Take your completed forms to the clerk at the counter in the courthouse. Give the forms to the clerk to file your case.

        * The court will ask you to pay a filing fee. If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and  the caption box of JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee.

        * The clerk might ask you to complete additional forms. Please follow the clerk's instructions.

    • 5. Arrange to serve the other person with the paperwork.
    • 6. Determine if you need genetic testing.
      • * You can ask for genetic testing to show that the person you thought was the father is not the actual father.

        * If you and the other person agree on genetic testing, ask the court for genetic testing using JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing.  Follow the instructions below in Option A to fill out the Agreement.

         

        OPTION A - Fill out an Agreement for genetic testing:

        * Download and complete JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing.  You and the other person will both sign this form in front of a notary public or court clerk.  You do not need to do this at the same time (Eg: you can sign in front of a notary or court clerk, give the form to the other person and have him/her sign in front of a notary or court clerk at a later time).  You can find a local notary public by looking in the Yellow Pages, on the Internet or by going to your local bank.

        * You and the other person will need to contact a testing agency to schedule a date and time for the test. Put the date and time of the test of the form.

        * You and the other person will be responsible for paying the fee for the test.

         

        * If you and the other person do not agree on genetic testing, ask the court for genetic testing using JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing.  Follow the instructions below in Option B to fill out the Motion.

         

        OPTION B - Fill out a Motion for genetic testing:

        * Download and complete JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing.  You will sign the form, but the other person does not need to sign.

        * You will need to contact a testing agency to schedule a date and time for the test.  Put the date and time of the test of the form.

        * You will be responsible for paying the fee for the test.

        * You will need to mail or hand-deliver a copy of JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing to the other person.  After you mail or hand-deliver a copy of the form, fill out the Certificate of Service part of the form and then file it with the court.

  • How do I answer if I receive paperwork saying I am not the father, or if I receive paperwork from the father saying that he is not the father?
    • 1. Read the paperwork.
      • * Decide whether or not you agree with the information in the paperwork.

    • 2. Identify where you should file your paperwork to answer.
      • * The location and contact information of the court is on the top of the paperwork you received.

        * Give your paperwork to the same court that is listed on the paperwork you received.

    • 3. Fill out your response form and mail or hand-deliver a copy to the other person.
      • * Download and complete Form JDF 1315 Response.

        * You will be the Respondent and the other person will be the Petitioner.

        * The case number is on the top of the paperwork you received.

        * You will need to mail or hand-deliver a copy of JDF 1315 Response to the other person. After you mail or hand-deliver the Response, complete the Certificate of Service part of the form before filing the form with the court.

    • 4. Determine if you need genetic testing.
      • * You can ask for genetic testing to be done to determine whether you are the father.

        * If you and the other person agree on genetic testing, ask the court for genetic testing using JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing.  Follow the instructions below in Option A to fill out the Agreement.

         

        OPTION A - Fill out an Agreement for genetic testing:

        * Download and complete JDF 1506 Agreement for Genetic Testing.  You and the other person will both sign this form in front of a notary public or court clerk. You do not need to do this at the same time (Eg: you can sign in front of a notary or court clerk, give the form to the other person and have him/her sign in front of a notary or court clerk at a later time). You can find a local notary public by looking in the Yellow Pages, on the Internet or by going to your local bank.

        * You and the other person will need to contact a testing agency to schedule a date and time for the test. Put the date and time of the test of the form.

        * You and the other person will be responsible for paying the fee for the test.

         

        * If you and the other person do not agree on genetic testing, ask the court for genetic testing using JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing. Follow the instructions below in Option B to fill out the Motion.

         

        OPTION B - Fill out a Motion for genetic testing:

        * Download and complete JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing.  You will sign the form, but the other person does not need to sign.

        * Contact a testing agency to schedule a date and time for the test.  Put the date and time of the test of the form.

        * You will be responsible for paying the fee for the test.

        * You will need to mail or hand-deliver a copy of JDF 1505 Motion of Genetic Testing to the other person.  After you mail or hand-deliver a copy of the form, fill out the Certificate of Service part of the form and then file it with the court.

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