Skip to main content
Home Self Help Small Claims or County Civil Appeal
Home Self Help Small Claims or County Civil Appeal
Small Claims or County Civil Appeal
These standard instructions are for informational purposes only and do not constitute legal advice about your case. If you choose to represent yourself, you are bound by the same rules and procedures as an attorney.

  • What is an appeal?
    • 1. What is a small claims or county civil appeal?
      • An appeal is a request for a higher court to review a lower court's decision.  When you start a small claims or county civil appeal you are asking the district court to look at the decision that the judge made in your small claims or county civil case.

        The district court judge will look at the paperwork in your small claims or county civil case and any transcripts from the case.  A new trial is not part of the appeals process.  You cannot give the court new evidence or subpoena witnesses.

    • 2. Where may I find more information about small claims or county civil appeals?
  • How do I start a small claims or county civil appeal?
    • 1. Where do I start my appeal of my small claims or county civil case?
      • Begin your appeal of your small claims or county civil case with the county court where your small claims or county civil case was started.  To look for a list of county courts visit the court locator tool.

    • 2. When do I need to give my small claims or county civil appeal paperwork to the court?
      • The person appealing their case, called the Appellant, must give the appeal paperwork to the county court within 14 calendar days of the magistrate or judge making a decision or entering a judgment on the small claims or county civil case.

    • 3. How do I complete my small claims or county civil appeal paperwork?
      • Required Paperwork:

        *Download and fill out the following forms:

         CRCCP Form 4  Notice of Appeal

         CRCCP Form 5 Designation of Record on Appeal

          JDF 4 Transcript Request Information and Form or local transcript request form.

         

        TIPS for completing Form 4 Notice of Appeal and Form 5 Designation of Record on Appeal:

        * Each person in the appeal of the case should be listed on the forms in the same role that they had in the original case.  For example, if you were the Defendant in the original case you are also the Defendant on the Notice of Appeal form and the Designation of Record on Appeal form.

        * Follow the prompts on the forms to fill in the blanks on the Notice form and the Designation form.  Use your original case number for now.

        * If you are appealing the case you are the Appellant and will be signing the forms as the Appellant.

        * The Notice form tells the court and the other person(s) involved in the case that you are filing an appeal.  Make sure you fill in the Certificate of Mailing on the Notice, telling the court when you will mail a copy of the Notice to the other person(s) involved in the original case, or their attorney.

        * The Designation of Record form tells the clerk which paperwork and records from your original case should go to the judge looking at your appeal.

        * Make 2 copies of each of these forms, one for the county court and one for the district court.  Each copy should have your original signature.  Make a copy of these forms for the other person(s) involved in the case, or their attorney, and send it to them by mail.

         

        TIPS for completing JDF 4 Transcript Request Information and Form:

        * Check with the court where you will be turning in your paperwork to see if a different Transcript Request form or process should be used.

        * Fill in the blanks on the Transcript Request form, including the original case number and the person(s) involved in the case.  Write on the form the date(s) of hearing(s) that you would like to be transcribed and provided to the court.

        After you submit the form to the court, a transcriber (the person who creates the typed record of the hearings) will contact you.  Make sure that your contact information on the form is correct.  The transcriber will tell you how much it will cost to create the transcript.  You must pay for the transcript or make arrangements to pay for the transcript before the transcriber will start working on it.

         

    • 4. How do I give the appeal paperwork to the court?
      • (1) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your paperwork.

        * Your appeal case belongs in the county court in the county where your original case was started. The courthouse finder will help you find the correct county court.

         

        (2) Give the county court the completed forms.

        CRCCP Form 4 Notice of Appeal

        CRCCP Form 5 Designation of Record on Appeal

        JDF 4 Transcript Request Information and Form or local transcript request form

         

        (3) Pay the filing fee, including the appeal bond.

        * Pay the filing fee, If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee.  For more information check out the File Without Payment section.

        * Pay the appeal bond with cash or certified funds.  The appeal bond is usually set by the judge that heard your original case.  The bond may be the amount of the judgment in a money case, the amound due in an eviction case, or another amount set by the judge.

         

        (4) Give a copy of the Notice of Appeal and Designation of Record, with original signatures, to the district court in that county. 

        * The district court is often in the same location as the county court.  Ask a clerk for directions if you can't find the district court.

        * Give a copy to the district court within 35 days after filing the original Notice of Appeal with the county court.

         

        (5) Mail a copy of the Notice of Appeal and Desgnation of Record to the other person(s) involved in the case, or their attorney.

         

         

  • How do I respond to an appeal?
    • 1. How do I answer the appeal if I am the Appellee?
      • GENERAL INFORMATION

        * You are the Appellee if you receive a Notice of Appeal involving a small claims or county civil case that you were part of.  The notice may come from the other person in the original court case (called the Appellant) or their attorney.

        * If you are are the Appellee, do not ignore the Notice of Appeal and Designation of Record.  If you do, the judge could make a decision without your response.

         

        COURT RECORD

        * The small claims or county court will have 42 days after the filing of the Notice of Appeal to prepare the record from the original case.  This process involves pulling together the paperwork from the case and the transcript.  These are the records that will be provided to the district court so that the judge may review the small claims or county court case decision and/or judgment.

        * The court will send a Notice to you once preparation of the record is complete.  You will have 14 days to file any objection(s) about the record that was prepared by the court.

        * If no objections to the record are given to the court, the record will be certified.  The record will be given to the clerk of the district court and the court will send a Notice to everyone in the case.

        If you decide to file an Objection to the court record, follow these steps: 

        (1) Complete the paperwork to object to the court record.

        * If you don't like how the court record was prepared - for example, you don't want some paperwork included or you think paperwork was left out - you may want to file an Objection with the court.

        * Download and fill out JDF 76 General Motion.

        TIPS for completing JDF 76 General Motion:

        * If you were the Plaintiff in the original case, you are also the Plaintiff when filling out this form.  If you were the Defendant/Respondent in the original case, you are also the Defendant/Respondent when filling out this form.

        * Follow the prompts on the form to fill in the blanks.

        *  Title the form as an "Objection" instead of a "MOTION TO", since you are telling the court that you object to the prepared record.  This form is often used when there is no specific form for what you are asking.

        (2) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your paperwork.

        * Your Objection should be filed in the county court where the original case was started. The courthouse finder will help you find the correct court.

        (3) Give the court the completed form.

        * JDF 76 General Motion

        * You may be asked to pay a filing fee when you begin to file paperwork into the appeal case.  If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee.  For more information check out the File Without Payment section.

        (4) Mail a copy of the Objection to the other person in the case, or their attorney.

        * Complete JDF 1313 Certificate of Service, telling the court how you provided a copy of the completed form to the other person in the case, or their attorney.

        * Give the completed JDF 1313 to the court.

        (5) The court will contact you about a court hearing.

        * The court hearing will be about your objection to the court record and any response to your objection that the other person in the case may give to the court.  The other person should mail a copy of their response to you, if any.

         

        BRIEFS

        * You will receive paperwork from the Appellant called a Brief.  The Brief will tell you exactly what the Appellant wants the higher court to look at in their appeal and the legal mistakes he or she believes the judge in the lower court made.

        * You may give an Answer Brief to the court within 21 days after you received service of the Appellant's Brief.

        (1) Write an Answer Brief

        TIPS on Writing an Answer Brief

        * You may want to visit your local library or a law library to look at examples of Answer Briefs for small claims or county civil appeals.

        * An Answer Brief form is not available.  You may want to look at JDF 76 General Motion to make sure that you have a caption, are using the correct font type, and are using the correct font size on the Answer Brief that you create. C.A.R. 57 (Colorado Appellate Rule) includes the format requirements for briefs.

        * The Answer Brief is where you tell the judge why you think the Appellant is wrong, including any law that supports what you say.

        (2) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your Answer Brief.

        * Your appeal case is in the district court in the county where the original case was started. The courthouse finder will help you find the correct court.

        (3) Give the Court the completed Answer Brief.

        * If you haven't paid the filing fee yet, you will need to pay it when you start giving paperwork to the court in the appeal case. If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee. For more information check out the File Without Payment page.

        (4) Mail a copy of the Answer Brief to the other person in the case, or their attorney.

        * Complete JDF 1313 Certificate of Service, telling the court how you provided a copy of the Answer Brief to the other person in the case, or their attorney.

        * Give the completed JDF 1313 to the court.

         

    • 2. When will I hear from the court about my response?
      • Once all of the deadlines have passed for giving paperwork to the court, such as Briefs, Answer Briefs, etc, the district court judge will look at the case file and transcript.  No new hearing will be held.  The district court judge will create a written ruling or order.

        You and the Appellant will receive a copy of the ruling or order.  Unless there is further review by the Supreme Court, after final ruling or order on the appeal by the district court judge, the judgment on appeal will be sent to the County Court for action as directed by the district court judge.

  • What other paperwork do I need if I'm appealing a case?
    • 1. What do I need to know about the court record?
      • COURT RECORD

        * The small claims or county court will have 42 days after the filing of the Notice of Appeal to prepare the record from the original case.  This process involves pulling together the paperwork from the case and the transcript.  These are the records that will be provided to the district court so that the judge may review the small claims or county court case decision and/or judgment.

        * The court will send a Notice to you once preparation of the record is complete.  You will have 14 days to file any objection(s) about the record that was prepared by the court.

        * If no objections to the record are given to the court, the record will be certified.  The record will be given to the clerk of the district court and the court will send a Notice to everyone in the case.

        If you decide to file an Objection to the court record, follow these steps: 

        (1) Complete the paperwork to object to the court record.

        * If you don't like how the court record was prepared - for example, you don't want some paperwork included or you think paperwork was left out - you may want to file an Objection with the court.

        * Download and fill out JDF 76 General Motion.

        TIPS for completing JDF 76 General Motion:

        * If you were the Plaintiff in the original case, you are also the Plaintiff when filling out this form.  If you were the Defendant/Respondent in the original case, you are also the Defendant/Respondent when filling out this form.

        * Follow the prompts on the form to fill in the blanks.

        *  Title the form as an "Objection" instead of a "MOTION TO", since you are telling the court that you object to the prepared record.  This form is often used when there is no specific form for what you are asking.

        (2) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your paperwork.

        Your Objection should be filed in the county court where the original case was started. The courthouse finder will help you find the correct court.

        (3) Give the court the completed form.

        * JDF 76 General Motion

        * You may be asked to pay a filing fee when you begin to file paperwork into the appeal case.  If you do not think you can afford the filing fee, go to the instructions and fill out form JDF 205 Motion to File Without Payment and Supporting Financial Affidavit and JDF 206 Finding and Order Concerning Payment of Fees to request a waiver of the filing fee.For more information check out the File Without Payment page.

        (4) Mail a copy of the Objection to the other person in the case, or their attorney.

        * Complete JDF 1313 Certificate of Service, telling the court how you provided a copy of the completed form to the other person in the case, or their attorney.

        * Give the completed JDF 1313 to the court.

        (5) The court will contact you about a court hearing.

        * The court hearing will be about your objection to the court record and any response to your objection that the other person in the case may give to the court.  The other person should mail a copy of their response to you, if any.

    • 2. What is a brief?
      • BRIEFS

        * Once the district court receives the record from the county court you will have 21 days to give a written Opening Brief to the court. The Brief tells the higher court exactly what you want reviewed in your appeal and the legal mistakes you believe the judge in the lower court made, including any arguments and law that support what you are saying.

        (1) Write an Opening Brief

        TIPS on Writing an Opening Brief

        * You may want to visit your local library or a law library to look at examples of Opening Briefs for small claims or county civil appeals.

        * An Opening Brief form is not available.  You may want to look at JDF 76 General Motion to make sure that you have a caption, are using the correct font type, and are using the correct font size on the Opening Brief that you create. C.R.C.P. 10 (Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure) includes the format requirements for briefs.

        (2) Decide where (which courthouse) to deliver your Opening Brief.

        Your appeal case is in the district court in the county where the original case was started. The courthouse finder will help you find the correct court.

        (3) Give the Court the completed Opening Brief.

        (4) Mail a copy of the Opening Brief to the other person in the case, or their attorney.

        * Complete JDF 1313 Certificate of Service, telling the court how you provided a copy of the Opening Brief to the other person in the case, or their attorney.

        * Give the completed JDF 1313 to the court.

  • What happens after I give all of my appeal paperwork to the court?
    • When will I hear from the court about my appeal?
      • * The other person in the case, called the Appellee, may file an Answer Brief within 21 days after you mail or give them a copy of your written Opening Brief.

        *Once all of the deadlines have passed for giving paperwork to the court, such as Briefs, Answer Briefs, etc, the district court judge will look at the case file and transcript.  No new hearing will be held.  The district court judge will create a written ruling or order.

        *You and the Appellee will receive a copy of the ruling or order.  Unless there is further review by the Supreme Court, after final ruling or order on the appeal by the district court judge, the judgment on appeal will be sent to the county court for action as directed by the district court judge.

        * The court will release/disburse the appeal bond based on the ruling of the district court.

important announcement contact us   •   interpreters   •   faq   •   photos   •   holidays Menu Important Announcement Home Search Courts Probation Jury Self Help ⁄ Forms Careers Media Administration Contact us Interpreters FAQ Photo Gallery Holiday Schedule